The Origin and Development of Mid-Autumn Festival

Sep 15, 2021

There are divergent opinions on the origin of the Mid-Autumn Festival.

First: Sacrifice activities from ancient emperors. The (Book of Rites) records that as early as the Spring and Autumn Period, the emperor had already begun to worship the moon. Later, noble officials and scholars suit and gradually spread to the people.

Second:the origin of the Mid-Autumn Festival is related to agricultural production. Autumn is the harvest season. The interpretation of the word "Autumn" is: "The crop mature  is called autumn." In the Mid-Autumn Festival of August, crops and various fruits gradually mature. In order to celebrate the harvest and express joy, the farmers "Mid-Autumn " as a holiday. "Mid-autumn" means the middle of autumn. The August of the lunar calendar is the last month of autumn, and the 15th is the day in the middle of the month. Therefore, the Mid-Autumn Festival may be a custom inherited from the ancients "reporting the arrival of autumn".


In the Northern Song Dynasty, August 15 was officially designated as the Mid-Autumn Festival. In the Ming and 

Qing dynasties, moon-appreciating activities were popular. At the same time, during the past five hundred years,

also launched festival activities such as "Walking the Moon", "Lighting the Sky Lantern",and "Fire Dragon Dance"

among them, customs of admiring the moon, eating moon cakes, and reunion dinner have been passed down to 

this day.

The Mid-Autumn Festival is a traditional Chinese festival. The Mid-Autumn Festival was popular in the Song Dynasty,

and it was as famous as the New Year's Day in the Ming and Qing Dynasties and became one of the main festivals in

China. This is also China's second largest traditional festival after the Spring Festival.

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